Infections are common issues in pets. In most cases, the vets prescribe enrofloxacin for animals. The vet prescribes this medication to control bacteria or infections such as bone infections, ear infections, sinus, and pneumonia. This fluoroquinolone antibiotic has proved its effectiveness in dogs and cats, but a few vets prescribe it for smaller mammals, birds, and reptiles as of label. One should understand that off-labels are common in vet medicine. Hence, following the instruction of the vet is crucial.
Experts share that this antibiotic is approved for dogs and cats by top medical agencies like FDA. Enrofloxacin injection veterinary use for other animals like horses, reptiles, and other mammals is not approved by FDA. But, in many countries, like Thailand, it is an accepted practice. The drug is quite popular among vets. If the vet experts do not find medication in the appropriate form or dosage, the vet would suggest compounding it with other drugs.
Enrofloxacin for Dogs
Vets prescribe enrofloxacin for dogs to treat a susceptible bacterial infection, mainly skin, soft tissue, and urinary tract infection. The different conditions in which the medication provides desired results are:
- Ulcerative colitis: Caused by the Escherichia coli is a condition in which inflammation can be observed in the bowels. The symptoms include:
- Marked weight loss
- Rickettsia infection: Mainly caused by bacteria, this spreads through ticks, mites, fleas, and lice. The dog would show symptoms like:
In most common cases, the signs are non-specific. This medication helps reduce the dysfunction of organs and reduce morbidity/mortality.
Enrofloxacin for cats
Chlamydophila felis is a bacterial infection in cats. Humans can be infected with this infection on overexposure to the ailing cat (in rare cases). The bacterium could be transmitted from one cat to the other. The condition could be prevalent among cats of all age groups but quite common in kittens in the age group of 5-12 weeks. Enrofloxacin for cats is suggested when the vet finds symptoms such as:
- Persistent conjunctivitis
- Reddening of eyes
- Watery discharge from eyes, which could aggravate to thick pus-like
- Sneezing and nasal discharges
- Fever Loss of appetite
Tips to Provide Medication
Experts suggest pet-owners with few suggestions, which help in proper dosage and minimize risks. The easy-to-follow tips are:
- Follow dosage instructions provided by the vet
- Enrofloxacin for dogs dosage should never be missed; if it happens, the parent should administer as soon as they remember.
- The caretaker should avoid double doses as it may risk the life of the animal.
- The pat-parent should complete the course of enrofloxacin for dogs.
Precautions for using enrofloxacin for animals
Pet parents should keep this drug away from kids and other pet animals. They should administer it only to the animal for which it is prescribed and strictly as per the direction of the vet doctor. The reasons for people to use enrofloxacin for animals with caution are that the drug has many side effects such as:
- Abnormal cartilage in growing animals
- Kidney or liver disease
- Epilepsy and seizures
How to Administer This Medication?
The medication is a bitter tablet. The enrofloxacin exporters use various flavors to reduce the bitterness so that the animals would accept the medicine with ease. Pet parents can try different variations if the canine is uncomfortable with any particular flavor.
Pet parent should give the tablet in the mouth. If the animal vomits, they can mix it with food that does not contain any diary form. The caretaker should never crush the tablet. A few vets would give it in the form of an injection.
Enrofloxacin for animals should be avoided if the pet is dehydrated and small or medium breed. It should be avoided in cats if the furry animal is suffering from a kidney disorder. Pet parents need to be monitoring for side effects. If they suspect an overdose or adverse reaction, then they need to call the vet immediately.